Timelines

Click any of the date tabs below to find out what events shaped a particular decade and the context of the Veneti and other market gardeners on Frogmore and Findon Roads.

Italy

Post WWI disruption to economy
Poverty
Rise of Fascism

USA

1924 – Immigration Act restricted numbers of immigrants obtaining visas & meant Italians emigrated to Australia and other countries

Australia

1920s migration campaign brought nearly 300,00 British people to Australia
1923 – Work begins to build Parliament House, Canberra

South Australia

1921 Population  – 500,000+
1926 – Holden moved to Woodville
Returned soldiers provided with soldier settler blocks near River Torrens

  • Jim Ballantyne was allocated a soldier settler’s block of seven and a half acres right on the River Torrens on the western side of River Road, St James Park, now known as Findon Road, Kidman Park.
  • Reg West was allocated a 11.5 acre soldier settler block on Valetta Road, St James Park, now known as Kidman Park.

Pioneer Market Gardeners 

Pioneer families begin to arrive .

  1. 1926 Marchioros arrive from the Veneto, Italy
  2. 1927 Men arrive in Adelaide from Veneto:
  • Ballestrin x 3
  • Berno x 2
  • Marchioro
  • Piovesan
  • Rebuli x 3
  • Santin
  • Tonellato
  • Zalunardo

Italy

Italy suffered from the worldwide depression.
The Government responded by increasing public spending.
New public buildings were erected.
Roads and other public works were created

USA

1929 Wall Street Crash – affected
1930s – poor economy and unemployment

Australia

1929 – 1932 – Great Depression
1932 – 20% reduction in Government spending
1932 – about 30% unemployment
1932 – Sydney harbour Bridge opened

Resentment of migrants taking jobs
1939 Declaration of WWII

South Australia

1930 Unemployment Relief Council established
1931 – new city bridge across the River Torrens
1936 – Centenary of SA celebrated
937 SA Housing Trust established

Pioneer Market Gardeners

Children born: Ballestrin and Piovesan

Italy

1941 Italy joined war with Germany

USA

1941 – USA enters WWII

Australia

1941 – First child endowment paid
1941 – single & married men called up to serve
1942 – Rationing begins
1945 – War ends

South Australia

Development of manufacturing – munitions
1942 – Loveday internment camp set up
Internment of Italians – enemy aliens
1946 – Loveday camp closed
1948 – Full-scale production of Holden begins

Pioneer Market Gardeners

Land leased –Frogmore, Findon, Valetta and Grange Roads

Marriages of children:  Santin and Tonellato

Children born: Marchioro

Children growing up

Italy

Effects of War – poverty , lack of employment
Emigration

USA

Involved in Korean War

1955 Vietnam war begins

Space Race

Australia

1950 – Basic wage increased by £1
1950 – petrol, butter & tea rationing ends
1951 – National Service begins
1957 – severe drought
1959- Aust population reaches 10 million

South Australia

Post War economic development & immigration
1953 – Port Pirie – first country town proclaimed a city
1954 Queen Elizabeth Hospital named during her visit to Adelaide
1955 – Adelaide Airport opens
1955 – Town of Elizabeth officially opened

Pioneer Market Gardeners

Families begin to buy leaseholds & expand gardens
Children born: Berno

Grandchildren born: Santin and Tonellato

Italy

Rise of the left-wing movement

1968 student unrest

USA

John F Kennedy elected President
John F Kennedy assassinated
Rise of Civil Rights Movement
Martin Luther King assassinated
Apollo moon program
Nixon ends Vietnam War
Moon Landing

Australia

1966 – Decimal currency introduced
1966 – First conscripts fly to Vietnam
1967 National Referendum Aboriginal people included in Census  90% say ‘yes’ in Referendum

South Australia

1963 – Population passes 1 million
1963 – School leaving age increase to 15 years
1965 – First Labor Government elected since 1933
1967 – ‘Report on the Metropolitan Area of Adelaide – influences planning of suburban areas

Pioneer Market Gardeners

Some of the pioneer families buy land at Bolivar & move there

First subdivisions occur – Frogmore and Findon Roads